"Over the past three years, through the joint efforts of all parties, the reforms of key national state-owned forest areas have been steadily advanced, and important progress and results have been achieved in stages." At the news briefing held by the National Forestry and Grassland Bureau on January 7, Li Zhihong, deputy director of the Forest Resources Management Department of the National Forestry and Grassland Bureau said.
According to reports, China's state-owned forest areas are mainly distributed in nine provinces including Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan. There are 138 timber mining enterprises in the forest area. It is located in the key state-owned forest areas within the three provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia. There are 5 forestry (forestry) group companies in the forest area, and 87 forestry enterprises bureaus (forestry bureaus) under the jurisdiction of the forestry workers. 348,000 people. According to the eighth national forest resources inventory statistics, the key state-owned forest areas have a total operating area of 327,000 square kilometers, accounting for 3.4% of the country's land area, forest coverage rate of 79.38%, forest accumulation of 2.599 billion cubic meters, and forest volume per hectare of 100.54 cubic meters. Meter.
In March 2015, the Party Central Committee and the State Council promulgated the "Guiding Opinions on the Reform of State-owned Forest Areas" and officially launched the reform of key state-owned forest areas. On the basis of the pilot project of natural forest suspension in Longjiang Forest Industry Group and Daxinganling Forestry Group Co., Ltd. in 2014, from April 1, 2015, the commercial forest harvesting of natural forests in key state-owned forest areas in Northeast China will be completely stopped.
The complete stoppage of natural forest commercial harvesting marks the end of the development history of key forest areas at the expense of forest resources, and has since entered a new stage of comprehensive protection and development. Over the past three years, the key state-owned forest areas have reduced the annual output of wood by 3.734 million cubic meters, and consume less than 6.3 million cubic meters of forest per year. At the same time, China's forest resource supervision system is gradually improving. In the past three years, it has supervised 2,091 cases of supervision and supervision, and handled 1,795 people who violated laws and regulations.
Li Zhihong said that after the state-owned forest areas were completely stopped, the forestry enterprises had properly resettled surplus workers by increasing management and protection positions, developing characteristic industries, and exporting foreign labor services. At the same time, the central government further increased reform support, formulated debt reduction and exemption policies, supported the development of alternative industries, and arranged 169,000 households in shantytowns. The basic pension for employees and medical insurance were fully covered. The per capita annual income of workers in forest areas was from 2014 before the reform. 2.64 million yuan, an increase to 37,400 yuan in 2017.
At present, the government and enterprises of forestry enterprises have made positive progress. Inner Mongolia Forest Industry Group has completed the divestiture of all social functions. Jilin and Changbai Mountain Forest Industry Group completed the transfer of forestry education and public inspection laws, and 172 stripping agencies, involving 15,000 people. The transfer of the remaining social functions is being implemented step by step as required. Longjiang Sengong Group completed the transfer of forestry education, power grid, communications, public security bureau, procuratorate and court. At the same time, Heilongjiang Province stopped the administrative functions undertaken by the forestry enterprises, established Longjiang Forest Industry Group Co., Ltd., established a modern enterprise system, and improved the corporate governance system to fully realize the separation of government and enterprise of forestry enterprises and promote the professionalism of forestry enterprises. The development has laid the foundation.